Second Best Opinion Blog
Connect to our doctors on healthcare advices.
2020-09-18  10 min read
What to Expect During and After a Breast Biopsy
A bunion is a painful, bony bump that forms at the joint between your big toe and your foot. Most people's big toes naturally lean inward slightly towards the other toes. Over time, if the angle of your big toe becomes more pronounced, the point at which your metatarsal meets the toe becomes inflamed and enlarged. Bunions usually take years to form. While they may not hurt too much to begin with, eventually they can become so painful that even walking is difficult.
Don’t wait to seek help for painful bunions. Minimally invasive techniques can easily treat bunions but it can be done only for mild to moderately painful bunions. By the time it becomes severe, only open surgery can fix them.
Causes of bunions
Some people are more predisposed to bunions than others, with your foot and bone structure being a major contributor to the problem. Often, bunions run in the family. They are also more common in women than men, due to women's shoe styles tending to be tighter, and high heels in particular causing the bones of the feet to move into unnatural positions. Bunions are also more common with age, as over time your feet spread and your joints become weaker and more susceptible to damage.
Types of bunion surgery include:
- Full bunionectomy, where the part of the foot that is bulging is removed
- Fusing the toe joint
- Implanting an artificial joint
- Realigning ligaments around the joint
- Reshaping the big toe and metatarsal bones
- Osteotomy, making small cuts in the bones and adjusting their position